Feeding Mature and Senior Dogs

The population of mature and senior dogs is increasing. Better nutrition, safer lifestyles, and improvements to preventive health care have contributed to this trend.

While old age is not a disease in itself, the body changes associated with aging make older dogs more vulnerable to medical problems and disease. Cancer, kidney disease and heart disease are the most common causes of non-accidental death in dogs, but proper nutrition may help mitigate the risk of developing certain diseases and chronic conditions.

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Cat Behavior and Training - Enrichment for Indoor Cats

I want to get a cat, but I live on a very busy main road, so I am thinking of keeping it indoors. Is that cruel?

There are many circumstances in which keeping a cat indoors may be safer for the cat and therefore, arguably, better for the cat. Indoor cats are at lower risk for injuries associated with the outdoor environment (e.g., cars, trains, dogs, predators, humans) and are at far less risk of contracting parasites and infectious diseases such as feline leukemia, feline infectious peritonitis and feline immunodeficiency virus.

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Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis in Dogs

What is canine hemorrhagic gastroenteritis?

Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE) is an acute disorder of dogs characterized by vomiting and bloody diarrhea. Most cases occur suddenly without warning in otherwise healthy dogs. The main and most disturbing clinical sign is large amounts of bloody diarrhea, very often bright red. Some dogs may have a painful abdomen, decreased appetite, lethargy (fatigue), or fever. HGE can affect any breed, age, size, or gender of dog, but it is most common in small- and toy-breed dogs. Young miniature French poodles, miniature schnauzers, and Yorkshire terriers seem to be more commonly affected. Other breeds commonly affected include the Pekingese, cavalier King Charles spaniel, Shetland sheepdog, and poodle.

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Ethylene Glycol Poisoning – Tests to Confirm

What is ethylene glycol?ethylene_glycol_poisoning_-_tests_to_confirm-1

Ethylene glycol, a sweet-tasting, odorless liquid, is the active ingredient in antifreeze. Ethylene glycol can also be found, in lower concentrations, in some windshield de-icing agents, hydraulic brake fluid, motor oils, solvents, paints, film processing solutions, wood stains, inks, printer cartridges, etc.

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Wellness Examination in Cats

What is a wellness examination?

A wellness examination is a routine medical examination of a patient that is apparently healthy, as opposed to an examination of a patient that is ill. A wellness examination may also be called a 'check-up' or a 'physical examination'. The focus of a wellness visit is the maintenance of optimal health.

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Dog Behavior and Training - Traveling – Air and Car Travel

An increasing number of pet owners are taking their dogs with them when they travel by car or airplane rather than leaving them behind. On a day to day basis, there may be some places where your dog may accompany you, whether you are visiting friends, going to work, or taking the dog to the groomer, veterinarian or doggy day care. On the other hand, it is not always practical to take your dog with you; at these times, you may have to take your pet to a boarding kennel.

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Chocolate Poisoning for Dogs

I've heard that chocolate is toxic to dogs? Is this true?

Yes, chocolate is toxic to dogs. While rarely fatal, chocolate ingestion often results in significant illness. Chocolate is toxic because it contains the methylxanthine theobromine. Theobromine is similar to caffeine and is used medicinally as a diuretic, heart stimulant, blood vessel dilator, and a smooth muscle relaxant. Theobromine can be poisonous and result in severe clinical signs, especially if untreated.

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Cognitive Dysfunction in Dogs and Cats

What is cognitive dysfunction and how is it diagnosed?

It is generally believed that a dog or cat's cognitive function tends to decline with age, much as it does in people. If your dog or cat has one or more of the signs below and all potential physical or medical causes have been ruled out, it may be due to cognitive dysfunction. Of course, it is also possible that cognitive dysfunction can arise concurrently with other medical problems, so that it might be difficult to determine the exact cause of each sign.

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Anorexia in Cats

What causes anorexia and pseudo-anorexia?

There are many potential explanations for decreased food consumption, and the first, most important step is to determine whether the cat has true or pseudo-anorexia. Does he want to eat but can’t, or is he truly not interested in eating?

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Anorexia in Dogs

What is anorexia?

Anorexia is a decrease or loss of appetite for food. While hunger is a physically driven, appetite is mentally driven.

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